Chapter 1 - Introduction to Research in Physical Activity

In preparing for your test, you may want to review the definitions of the following terms:

• Biomechanics

• Exercise (or exercise science) and sport science

• Exercise and sport psychology

• Exercise and wellness

• Exercise physiology

• Kinesiology

• Motor behavior (or motor learning, motor control, motor development)

• Movement studies

• Movement science

• Physical education.20 Thomas and Nelson

Be able to describe the relationship among terms such as:







and terms such as


Exercise physiology

Motor behavior

Sport psychology

Sport sociology

You should be able to discuss the following:

The Nature of Research

You should be able to discuss the research Methods Process Overview

The Parts of a Thesis:


o Identification and delimitation of the problem

o Searching, reviewing, and writing about the literature

o Specifying and defining testable hypotheses


o Designing research to test hypotheses

o Selecting, describing and treating subjects


o Analyzing and reporting results

Discussion and Conclusions

o Discussing the meaning and implications of findings


Chapter 2

Developing the Problem and Using the Literature

You should be able to:

List three research journals in your area.

Name three good researchers in your area (not at your university) and describe what types of research do they do?

You should be able to describe the following processes:

Identifying the Research Problem

Guidelines for Finding a Topic

Using Inductive and Deductive Reasoning

Purposes of the Literature Review

Identifying the Problem

Developing Hypotheses

Developing the Method

You should be able to describe what to record from reading a journal article

1. Statement of problem

2. Characteristics of subjects

3. Instruments and tests used

4. Testing procedures

5. IV and DV

6. Treatments applied

7. Design and statistical analysis

8. Findings

9. Questions for Further

Chapter 3 - Presenting the Problem

You should be able to do the following after reading a brief description of a research project:

1. Develop a title.

2. Develop a statement of the problem.

3. Indicate the types of variables—independent, dependent, and control.

4. Develop two research hypotheses.

5. Develop two operational definitions.

6. What are two assumptions?

7. What are two limitations?


Chapter 4 - Formulating the Method

You should be able to discuss the following:

1. How to Present Methodological Details

2. Why Planning the Method Is Important

3. Describing Subjects

4. What to Tell About the Subjects

5. Protecting Subjects

6. Describing Instruments

7. Describing Procedures

Chapter 5 - Ethical Issues in Research and Scholarship


You should be able to discuss the following:

1. Seven Areas of Scientific Dishonesty


Fabrication and Falsification

Nonpublication of Data

Faulty Data-Gathering Procedures

Poor Data Storage and Retention

Misleading Authorship

Sneaky Publication Practices

2. Ethical Issues Regarding Copyright

3. Model for Considering Scientific Misconduct

4. Sanctions for Scientific Misconduct

5. Responsibilities of Graduate Students

6. Philosophical Positions Underlying Ethical Issues

7. Working With Faculty

8. Selecting a Major Professor

9. Changing Your Major Professor

10. Protecting Human Subjects

11. What Should Research Subjects Expect?

12. Informed Consent